Highest Mountains in Africa

Highest Mountains in Africa: Africa is known for its vast wilderness, diverse wildlife, and stunning landscapes, including its towering mountain ranges. The continent is home to several mountains, some of which are among the highest in the world. These mountains not only offer a breathtaking view but also attract adventurers and climbers from all over the world. In this context, the highest mountains in Africa are some of the most spectacular and challenging peaks to conquer.

The highest mountains in Africa are mainly concentrated in East Africa and are part of the Great Rift Valley, a geological fault system that stretches from Syria to Mozambique. The mountains in this region offer some of the most picturesque scenery in the world, with their snow-capped peaks, rugged cliffs, and verdant valleys. Climbing these mountains can be an unforgettable experience, but it also requires rigorous training and preparation.

In this article, we will explore the highest mountains in Africa, their locations, altitudes, and some interesting facts about them. Whether you are a mountain enthusiast, a climber, or someone who just appreciates natural beauty, you will find this article informative and captivating.

Highest Mountains in Africa

Find some of the highest mountains in Africa

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest freestanding mountain in the world. It is located in northern Tanzania, near the border with Kenya, and rises to an altitude of 5,895 meters (19,341 feet). Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcanic mountain, consisting of three distinct peaks: Shira, Mawenzi, and Kibo. Kibo is the highest peak and is also the highest point in Africa.

Kilimanjaro is one of the most popular climbing destinations in the world, attracting thousands of visitors each year. The mountain offers several routes to the summit, ranging from relatively easy to extremely challenging. The most popular routes include the Marangu, Machame, Lemosho, and Rongai routes. Each of these routes has its own unique features and challenges, but all of them offer stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

Climbing Kilimanjaro requires a good level of physical fitness and endurance, as well as proper acclimatization to the altitude. The climb typically takes between five and nine days, depending on the route and the climber’s pace. Along the way, climbers pass through various ecological zones, including rainforest, heath, alpine desert, and arctic tundra.

Despite its popularity, climbing Kilimanjaro is not without risks. Altitude sickness, dehydration, and hypothermia are all potential dangers, and climbers must take appropriate precautions to stay safe. Nevertheless, for those who make it to the summit, the feeling of standing on the “roof of Africa” is an unforgettable experience.

In addition to its climbing opportunities, Kilimanjaro also serves as an important source of water and food for the surrounding communities. The mountain is home to several rivers and streams, which provide water for irrigation and domestic use. The fertile slopes of the mountain are also used for farming, with crops such as coffee, bananas, and maize being grown.

Overall, Mount Kilimanjaro is a magnificent natural wonder that attracts visitors from around the world. Its towering presence and awe-inspiring beauty make it a symbol of Africa’s natural grandeur and a must-see destination for anyone who loves adventure and exploration.

Mount Kenya, Kenya

Mount Kenya, situated in the heart of Kenya National Park, is the highest peak in Kenya and the second-highest mountain in Africa. This extinct volcano is surrounded by a pristine wilderness that is simply breathtaking, with a diverse range of African wildlife, dense forests, mineral springs, lakes, and glaciers.

Often referred to as the “Place of Light,” Mount Kenya boasts three summits: Batian, Nelion, and Lenana, with the highest peak reaching an altitude of 5,199 meters. Similar to Mount Kilimanjaro, inexperienced climbers can ascend Mount Kenya with a range of guided trek options available.

The scenic beauty of Mount Kenya has earned it a place on the World Heritage Site list. Visitors can enjoy the picturesque views of the mountain range while also indulging in various outdoor activities like hiking, camping, and wildlife watching. The mountain is a popular destination for adventurers and nature enthusiasts alike, offering an unforgettable experience that truly captures the essence of Africa’s natural beauty.

Mount Stanley, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of Congo

Mount Stanley is the third-highest mountain in Africa, located in the Rwenzori mountain range on the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It has several summits, with the highest being Margherita Peak, standing at an altitude of 5,109 meters (16,763 feet).

The Rwenzori mountain range is often referred to as the “Mountains of the Moon,” due to the mist-shrouded peaks and the legendary tales of snow-capped mountains in equatorial Africa. The mountain range is known for its diverse flora and fauna, with many species found nowhere else in the world.

Climbing Mount Stanley is a challenging but rewarding experience, as it requires a combination of technical skills and physical endurance. The ascent to Margherita Peak involves hiking, scrambling, and climbing on steep and rugged terrain, with the added challenge of dealing with the effects of high altitude.

Along the way, climbers can enjoy the unique beauty of the Rwenzori mountain range, with its dramatic valleys, glistening glaciers, and lush vegetation. The mountain is also home to several lakes, rivers, and waterfalls, adding to the picturesque landscape.

Climbing Mount Stanley requires a permit, and it is recommended that climbers join a guided expedition with experienced local guides. While it is a challenging climb, the rewards are immense, with the opportunity to summit one of Africa’s highest peaks and experience the unique beauty of the Rwenzori mountain range.

Mount Meru, Tanzania

Located in the Arusha National Park, Mount Meru is Tanzania’s second-highest mountain, situated 60 kilometers west of Mount Kilimanjaro. The lower slopes of the mountain, which rise from the savannah, are surrounded by fertile forests that serve as habitats for various wildlife, including leopards, monkeys, and over 400 bird species.

Mount Meru is a dormant volcano, and its lower height and similar shape to Mount Kilimanjaro make it an ideal warm-up destination for climbers who intend to summit Mount Kilimanjaro. The climb up Mount Meru is less challenging compared to Kilimanjaro, but it still offers an excellent opportunity to acclimatize to the altitude and explore the unique vegetation zones, which range from dense rainforests to alpine deserts.

The mountain’s summit, Socialist Peak, stands at an altitude of 4,562 meters, and the climb to the top involves a combination of hiking, scrambling, and some technical climbing. While the climb is challenging, it is a rewarding experience, offering panoramic views of the Arusha National Park, the neighboring Mount Kilimanjaro, and the surrounding landscapes.

In conclusion, Mount Meru is an excellent destination for nature lovers and adventurers who want to experience Tanzania’s diverse wildlife and natural beauty. Whether you are a seasoned climber or a novice, the climb up Mount Meru is a fantastic opportunity to explore Tanzania’s natural wonders and prepare for the ultimate challenge of climbing Mount Kilimanjaro.

Mount Semien, Ethiopia

The Ethiopian Highlands are a rugged range of mountains located in the Horn of Africa, forming the largest elevated area in the continent. Stretching across Ethiopia and Eritrea, the highlands are divided by the Great Rift Valley.

The Western Highlands encompass elevations ranging from 1,500 meters to 4,550 meters at the peak of Ras Dashen in the Semien Mountains, which is part of the Simien Mountains National Park. The lower elevations of the highlands consist of agriculturally productive and densely populated tropical savannas and grasslands, while the higher elevations are craggy and isolated, providing habitats for a diverse range of native wildlife and birds.

The Simien Mountains National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to rare and endangered species, such as the Ethiopian wolf, the walia ibex, and the gelada baboon. The park also boasts stunning natural features, including deep gorges, towering peaks, and spectacular waterfalls.

The Ethiopian Highlands are also known for their cultural significance, as the region is home to some of the oldest human settlements in the world, as well as ancient rock-hewn churches and monasteries. The highlands have been inhabited for thousands of years and have played a significant role in the region’s history and culture.

In conclusion, the Ethiopian Highlands are a unique and fascinating destination, offering a combination of natural beauty, wildlife, and cultural heritage. The highlands are a must-see destination for any traveler interested in exploring Africa’s diverse landscapes and cultures.

Mount Karisimbi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Rwanda

The Virunga Mountains, situated on the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, comprise eight volcano chains, with Mount Karisimbi being the tallest at 4,507 meters. The mountain range is part of the Albertine Rift, which is the western branch of the East African Rift.

Mount Karisimbi is a significant source of relief rainfall in the region, and it is notable that snow forms on the mountain’s peak during the dry season (June to August), a unique phenomenon for African mountains. Though the climb to the summit is challenging, inexperienced climbers can undertake the trek, which takes three days and involves traversing through bamboo forests and steep climbs.

The hike to the top of Mount Karisimbi provides a fantastic opportunity to explore the mountain’s diverse flora and fauna, including rare species of primates and birds. The mountain’s location in the Virunga Massif also means that climbers can enjoy stunning views of the surrounding landscape, including other peaks in the range and the neighboring countries of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

While the trek to the summit of Mount Karisimbi is challenging, it is a rewarding experience for climbers who want to explore the natural beauty of the Virunga Mountains and immerse themselves in the local culture of the region. Climbing Mount Karisimbi is a fantastic adventure for anyone looking to test their physical limits and explore the stunning wilderness of Central Africa.

Mount Elgon, Kenya, and Uganda

Situated on the border between Kenya and Uganda, Mount Elgon’s highest peak, known as Wagagai, is located on the Ugandan side of the border. This mountain is an extinct shield volcano with an intact caldera, which is one of the most significant in the world.

African Mountain Ranges


Amour Range
Atlas Mountains
Aurès Mountains
Babor Mountains
Belezma Range
Dahra Range
Edough Massif
Gueltara Mountains
Hodna Mountains
Hoggar Mountains
Ksour Range
Mons Feratus
Mountains of Daïa
Mountains of Tlemcen
Mounts of Saida
Ougarta Range
Ouled Naïl Range
Saharan Atlas
Tadrart Rouge
Tassili n’Ajjer
Teffedest Mountains
Tell Atlas
Trara Mountains


Crystal Mountains (Africa)
Serra da Chela
Serra da Leba


Togo Mountains


Albertine Rift
Eastern Rift mountains


Atlantika Mountains
Bakossi Mountains
Mandara Mountains
Rumpi Hills


Tibesti Mountains


Rwenzori Mountains‎
Virunga Mountains‎

Republic of Congo

Chaillu Mountains
Crystal Mountains


Gilf Kebir
Gabal El Uweinat

Equatorial Guinea

Crystal Mountains


Bale Mountains
Ethiopian Highlands‎
Semien Mountains‎


Chaillu Mountains
Crystal Mountains
Agumatsa Range
Togo Mountains
Tongo Hills


Nimba Range
Ziama Massif

Ivory Coast

Monts du Toura
Nimba Range


Aberdare Range
Cherang’any Hills
Chyulu Hills
Eastern Arc Mountains‎
Eastern Rift mountains
Matthews Range
Nandi Hills
Ngong Hills
Ol Doinyo Orok
Taita Hills


Maloti Mountains


Nimba Range


Acacus Mountains
Gabal El Uweinat
Nafusa Mountains
Tibesti Mountains


Andringitra Massif
Lavasoa-Ambatotsirongorongo Mountains
Matundwe Range
Misuku Hills
Viphya Mountains


Bambouk Mountains


Moka Range


Atlas Mountains
High Atlas
Jbel Saghro
Middle Atlas
Moroccan Meseta
Tell Atlas


Bvumba Mountains
Chimanimani Mountains
Choa Mountains
Eastern Highlands
Lebombo Mountains
Matundwe Range


Baynes Mountains
Great Karas Mountains
Klinghardt Mountains
Naukluft Mountains
Tsaus Mountains


Aïr Mountains
Blue Mountains


Atlantika Mountains
Kukuruku Hills
Mandara Mountains
Oban Hills
Sankwala Mountains
Shebshi Mountains


Albertine Rift
Eastern Rift mountains
Virunga Mountains

Sierra Leone

Lion Mountains
Loma Mountains


Cal Madow
Cal Miskaad
Golis Mountains
Ogo Mountains

South Africa

Kouga Mountains
Lebombo Mountains
Makhonjwa Mountains
Steenkampsberg, Mpumalanga
Steenkampsberg, Northern Cape

South Sudan

Imatong Mountains


Gabal El Uweinat
Marrah Mountains
Nuba Mountains


Albertine Rift
Eastern Arc Mountains
Eastern Rift mountains
Kipengere Range
Mahale Mountains
Mahenge Mountains
Mbeya Range
Nguru Mountains
Nguu Mountains
Pare Mountains
Rubeho Mountains
Southern Highlands
Udzungwa Mountains
Ukaguru Mountains
Uluguru Mountains
Umalila Mountains
Usambara Mountains
Uvidunda Mountains


Togo Mountains


Atlas Mountains‎
Atlas Mountains
Jebel Dahar
Tell Atlas
Chaîne du Thaljah


Rwenzori Mountains‎
Virunga Mountains
Albertine Rift
Eastern Rift mountains
Imatong Mountains
Rwenzori Mountains
Virunga Mountains